What is age related macular degeneration (AMD)?

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye condition that affects a tiny part of the retina at the back of your eye, called the macula. AMD causes problems with your central vision, but does not lead to total loss of sight and is not painful.

At the moment, the exact cause for AMD is unknown, but some things are thought to increase your chances of developing AMD, including your age, smoking, your genes, sunlight and what you eat.

Symptoms include difficulty reading small print when wearing your reading glasses, straight lines start to look wavy and your vision is not as clear as it used to be.

There are 2 types of AMD - dry and wet. Dry AMD causes gradual vision loss, while wet AMD is more aggressive and can lead to significant central vision loss in a shorter period of time.

For further information on the treatment of AMD, see Is there any treatment for age related macular degeneration (AMD)?

You can get further advice and support from the Macular Society:

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