What is age-related macular degeneration (AMD)?

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye condition that affects a tiny part of the retina at the back of your eye, called the macula. AMD causes problems with your central vision, but does not lead to total loss of sight and is not painful.

At the moment, the exact cause for AMD is unknown, but some things are thought to increase your chances of developing AMD, including your age, smoking, your genes, sunlight and what you eat.

There are 2 types of AMD – dry and wet. Dry AMD causes gradual vision loss (over years) while wet AMD is more aggressive and can lead to significant central vision loss in a shorter period of time (over months).

You can get further advice and support from the Macular Society:


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