What is the Personal Independence Payment (PIP) and who can claim it?

Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is a non means tested benefit for people of working age with a disability. Because it is non-means tested it doesn't matter if you are working or how much you earn. PIP has replaced Disability Living Allowance (DLA) except for children aged under 16 years old. It is administered by the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) in England, Scotland and Wales and by the Department for Communities (DfC) in Northern Ireland.

PIP is being replaced by a benefit called Adult Disability Payment (ADP) in Scotland. Transfers to the new benefit started in certain areas of Scotland at the end of March 2022, with a roll out to the rest of Scotland expected to begin in August 2022. Eligibility rules for ADP are likely to be very similar to those for PIP. If you already receive DLA or PIP your award will be transferred automatically to ADP and you will receive a letter from Social Security Scotland with details of the transfer. Your award will not be reassessed or reviewed during the move, but if you were due a review by the DWP then Social Security Scotland will review your award once you have moved to ADP. Please see What is Adult Disability Payment (ADP)?

Who can make a claim for PIP?

  • You must be aged 16 or over and under state pension age when you first make a claim. Please also see I currently receive DLA, do I have to claim PIP and will I be reassessed?
  • You must need help with daily living activities or getting out and around, or both
  • You must have had your sight loss (and any other disabilities if applicable) for the three months before you make a claim for PIP.
  • For your claim to be successful, it must also be expected that your disability will last for the next nine months.

To make a claim for PIP you must also:

  • Be habitually resident in the UK
  • Satisfy the past presence test.

These rules are complicated and there are some exceptions, for example if you are living in a European Economic Area country. Please seek further advice if you are unsure.

PIP has two components, a daily living component (to help you with everyday tasks), and a mobility component (to help you with getting around). Both components have a standard rate and an enhanced rate.

Further information on PIP and DLA can be found on RNIB's Personal Independence Payment (PIP) and Disability Living Allowance (DLA) webpages.

If you are in England, Scotland or Wales you can request a PIP claim form from the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) by calling 0800 917 2222 or textphone 0800 917 7777.

If you are in Northern Ireland you can request a PIP claim form by calling 0800 012 1573 or textphone 0800 587 0937.

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